Diaphragmatic Breathing


Diaphragmatic breathing, also known as deep or abdominal breathing, is a powerful technique that can significantly impact your mental well-being. This practice involves engaging the diaphragm, a large muscle located between the chest and abdomen, to promote relaxation and alleviate stress. By incorporating diaphragmatic breathing into your routine, you can enhance emotional regulation, reduce anxiety, and foster a sense of calm.


  1. Begin by finding a quiet and comfortable space. Sit or lie down in a relaxed position, ensuring that your back is straight but not rigid. You can choose to close your eyes if you feel this would be helpful for your focus. Place one hand on your chest and the other on your abdomen to better sense the movement.
  2. Inhale deeply through your nose, allowing your abdomen to expand. Focus on filling your lungs with air, allowing your diaphragm to descend and your belly to expand. Ensure that your chest remains relatively still during this phase.
  3. Exhale slowly and completely through your mouth. As you exhale, visualize releasing tension and stress. Feel your abdomen contract gently. Repeat this process, gradually extending the duration of your inhalations and exhalations.
  4. Establish a steady and rhythmic breathing pattern. Aim for a breath cycle that lasts about 4 to 6 seconds—2 to 3 seconds for inhalation and 2 to 3 seconds for exhalation. If you feel it’s too difficult to focus on the amount of seconds, find a pace that feels natural and calming to you.

Tips for increased effectiveness

  1. Mindful Awareness: Pay attention to the sensations associated with each breath. Notice the rise and fall of your abdomen, the coolness of the inhalation, and the warmth of the exhalation. This mindfulness enhances the relaxation response.
  2. Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR): Combine diaphragmatic breathing with progressive muscle relaxation for an even more profound effect. Focus on different muscle groups as you exhale, allowing them to release tension gradually. This exercise is available in the relaxation exercises module on A Hopeful Space.
  3. Incorporate Visualization: Enhance the calming effects by incorporating visualization. Imagine a peaceful scene or visualize stress leaving your body with each exhalation. This adds a therapeutic dimension to your diaphragmatic breathing practice.
  4. Be Patient and Persistent: Like any skill, mastering diaphragmatic breathing takes time and patience. Be kind to yourself and acknowledge the progress you make along the way. Consistent practice will yield positive results for your mental well-being.

If you enjoyed this practice and would like to have a copy in the form of a worksheet. Please feel free to download a copy by pressing the download button.

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